How to Choose a Toothbrush

Brushing your teeth regularly is key to maintaining healthy teeth and gums and preventing periodontal (gum) diseases, but it’s also important to make sure you choose the right toothbrush for your teeth and use proper brushing techniques.


Here are some other tips to keep in mind when choosing a toothbrush. You’ll want to pick one that:

  • Has bristles that are softer rather than harder
  • Fits your mouth size. If you have a small mouth, choose a small toothbrush and if you have a large mouth, pick a large toothbrush, says Price.
  • Is easy to use, whether it’s a powered or a manual toothbrush
  • Once you’ve found an appropriate toothbrush for you, you need to brush your teeth the correct way in order to maintain good oral health and keep periodontal disease at bay.

How to Brush Your Teeth Effectively

The following tips can help you to get the most out of your daily brushing routine:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day. Some experts recommend brushing after every meal, if possible.
  • Take time — at least three minutes — to thoroughly brush and floss your teeth.
  • When you brush along your gumline, angle your toothbrush slightly toward your gums.
  • Don’t brush too roughly — use a gentle motion so you don’t damage your gums.
  • Brush with a fluoride toothpaste to fight off tooth decay.
  • Focus on cleaning every tooth surface with your toothbrush.
  • Brush your tongue to scrape off bacteria that can cause bad breath.
  • Brush your teeth with a clean toothbrush and rinse the brush thoroughly after each use. You can also use a small amount of hand soap on the bristles for more rigorous cleaning.
  • Replace your toothbrush — or toothbrush head if you use an electric brush — every three to four months.

If you need additional help figuring out how best to brush your teeth, says Price, “Have your dentist/hygienist show you the proper method.” And if you are having dental problems or concerns about your oral health, see your dentist.

Not knowing of Bad Breath

Halitosis, commonly known as bad breath.  Most people do have bad breath and no one wants to admit that. Walking around with bad breath is something most people wanted to avoid. Before you can cure bad breath, it is important to tell you have bad breath.

Bad Breath

Know the signs of Bad Breath:

Experts believe that a lot can be done to avoid bad breath. Most of the tips are quite simple to follow.

Sleeping with mouth open:

Dry mouth is the main cause for Halitosis. Never sleep with your mouth open as sleeping with your mouth open is a surefire way to dry out mouth.

Smoking or chewing tobacco:

Smoking and chewing tobacco are guaranteed to give bad breath as they decrease the amount of saliva in your mouth. Oxygen in saliva is important to keep your mouth healthy and fresh. It is advisable to quit smoking to avoid bad breath.

White-coated tongue:

White-coated tongue is a predictable sign of bad breath. White coating contains sulphur compounds that cause bad breath.

Gastric reflux:

Acid produced by Gastric reflux is not only uncomfortable but also leads to bad breath which is hard to solve. It is advisable to see a doctor to keep this under control.

Eating suspect foods:

You breathe what you eat is true. Foods like coffee, sugar, milk products, onions, garlic, acidic foods and drinks result in worse bad breath as they create an environment for the bad bacteria to grow. This should be balanced with lots of fruits, vegetables and alkalizing food products.

Certain prescriptions or OTC medication:

As a side effect, many medications cause bad breath. In such situations, you can ask your doctor for alternate medications that might help with the problem.

As now you are aware of the signs of bad breath, here’s a simple trick to test your bad breath.

Wipe the surface of your mouth with a piece of cotton gauze and smell that. If a yellow stain is noticed on the cotton, which is a likely sign for an elevated sulfide production level. Next, lick the back of your hand and allow it to dry for 10 seconds. If an odor is noticed, you have a breath disorder as the sulfur salts from your tongue has transferred to your hand.

The other approach is to take an unbiased opinion from a dentist. Most of the times, people are embarrassed to ask and at times are scared to tell. It is not always easy talking about—-Your mouth is a personal space.

Nighttime Oral Hygeine

It is just not a day job to keep your teeth strong, gums healthy and a bright smile but your mouth needs protection at night too. The bacteria in the mouth increases while we are sleeping because we are not swallowing. So, night time oral hygiene is important to avoid giving the bacteria anything to break down and feed off.

Brushing, Flossing and rinsing are the three basic steps to nighttime hygiene. As long as the food particles and the plague are removed, the order really does not matter.

Steps for basic nighttime oral hygiene:


Plague build up and tooth decay can be avoided by brushing your teeth every day.  Brush your teeth at a 45 degree angle to the gums with a soft bristled tooth brush and a tooth paste containing fluoride. As per the American Dental Association, the correct method is to brush back and forth gently in short strokes. Brushing the outer tooth surfaces first, then the inner tooth surfaces and then the chewing surfaces of the teeth is suggested by the ADA. It also recommends using the toe of the brush to clean the backs of your front teeth up and down gently.

Brushing Teeth

Brushing right after dinner, before bed or both depends upon the susceptibility to dental disease. Risk for dental disease varies from person to person. Brushing teeth after dinner and before going to bed is recommended for people with a high risk of cavities and gum diseases.


Flossing allows you to reach the plague that cannot be removed with a tooth brush. Periodontal gum diseases can be prevented by flossing at least once a day. ADA recommends using an 18 inch long strand, winding most of it around your middle fingers and holding the remaining floss tightly between your thumbs and fore fingers. Guide the floss between your teeth using a gentle rubbing motion.


Flossing helps in removing the plague while it is still soft, as it hardens and a tartar is formed, only a professional dentist can remove it. High risk patients prone to gum disease or tartar build up, have to consider flossing twice a day.

Rinsing with a mouth wash:

Rinsing your teeth with a mouthwash will help you keep your breath fresh, your teeth plague and cavity free, your gums safe from gingivitis. For best results, follow the instructions on the package.